Read e-book online An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe PDF
By Richard Öhlinger, Andreas Adler (auth.), Antonio Logrieco, Angelo Visconti (eds.)
The becoming curiosity in future health hazards linked to toxigenic fungi and comparable mycotoxins has resulted in the improvement of a few study tasks up to now decade in different eu international locations and loads of info has been produced at the ordinary prevalence of mycotoxins in vegetation, meals and feeds. the variations in environmental stipulations (temperature, gentle, rainfall and so on. ) and in uncovered cultivated crops (type of cereals, cultivars and so on. ) within the particular ecu nations have considerably encouraged the distribution of particular toxigenic fungi and comparable mycotoxicological difficulties. moreover, biogeographically established lineages inside of a few vital toxigenic fungi were lately chanced on, of reproductive isolation. Transglobal displaying an extended evolutionary heritage transposition of plant items turns out to have considerably contributed to the spreading of toxigenic species and lineages world wide. hence, the migration of agriculturally vital toxigenic fungi generated via exchange exchanges may possibly signify a massive resource of inoculum for brand new plant illnesses in Europe and for a much wider genetic range of neighborhood populations. It used to be our aim to supply the reader with an replace of researches and surveys at the common prevalence of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins played at a ecu point over the last 5-10 years. The editors are tremendous thankful to the EU-COST-835 "Agriculturally very important toxigenic fungi" for the monetary help that allowed a few ecu scientists to fulfill a number of instances during the last 5 years to collaborate and alternate information regarding examine advances on toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins.
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Additional info for An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe
A total of 355 production fields were sampled, consisting of 67 fields in 2001, 91 fields in 2002 and 197 fields in 2003 and representing the different situations found in Belgium in terms of agricultural practices based on conventional farming systems. The mycoflora present on those samples was determined by plating 208 grains per sample onto potato dextrose agar (PDA) after surface sterilisation. Fusarium species were first identified according to the density and colour of aerial mycelium. Isolates that could not be identified on PDA were transferred on synthetic nutrient agar (SNA).
Since the presence and concentrations of airspora in the outdoor environment depend on seasonal climatic factors, reduced rainfall and dry Mediterranean climate can be one of the reasons for the reduction of fungal spora in this area. , 2003), possibly reduce airspora concentrations. 4. 1. Mycotoxins in human foods from endemic and non-endemic regions in Croatia Various samples of human food (cereals, maize, beans, dried meat products, apples) were obtained from individual households in EN (Middle Posavina) and non-EN regions in Croatia and analysed on the presence of mycotoxins, including ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEN), aflatoxin BJ (AFBJ) skin irritating factors (SIF, T-2 toxin) and citrinin (CTN) (Table 1).
Mean concentrations of OTA in plasma were 0,18 ng/ml (Rijeka), 0,25 ng/ml (Split), 0,26 ng/ml (Zagreb), 0,59 ng/ml (Varazdin) and 0,68 ng/ml (Osijek). The highest frequency of OTA-positive samples and highest number of samples with the concentration exceeding 1 ng/ml were found in Osijek. This difference is probably due to the different dietary habits of the people living at the coast (consuming seafood, beef, pasta and olive oil) and inlanders who consume more fresh and smoked pork and cereals.
An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe by Richard Öhlinger, Andreas Adler (auth.), Antonio Logrieco, Angelo Visconti (eds.)