Get Age of Chivalry: The Story of Medieval Europe, 950 to 1450 PDF

By Hywel Williams

ISBN-10: 0857383388

ISBN-13: 9780857383389

The 500 years that separate the mid-tenth century from the mid-15th century represent a serious and formative interval within the heritage of Europe. This was once the age of the method of felony and armed forces legal responsibility often called 'feudalism', and of the delivery and consolidation of strong kingdoms in England, France and Spain; it was once an period of urbanization and the growth of alternate, of the construction of the nice Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals, of courtly romance and the artwork of the troubadour, and of the founding of celebrated seats of studying in Paris, Oxford and Bologna. however it was once additionally an epoch characterized by means of brutal army event within the launching of armed pilgrimages to disencumber Jerusalem from Muslim regulate, of the brutal dynastic clash of the Hundred Years' conflict and of the devastating pandemic of the Black demise. In a series of scholarly yet available articles - observed through an array of lovely and actual photos of the period, plus timelines, maps, boxed gains and exhibit prices - exclusive historian Hywel Williams sheds revelatory mild on each element of a wealthy and complicated interval of eu historical past. Ottonians and Salians; upward push of the Capetians; Normans in England; delivery of the city-states; The Normans in Sicily; the 1st campaign; The Investiture contest; The Hohenstaufen; The Angevin Empire; 12th-century Renaissance; Triumph of the Capetians; The 3rd campaign; The Albigensian campaign; the dignity of Islamic Spain; the dominion of Naples; The Hundred Years conflict I; The Hundred Years conflict II; Avignon and the Schism; The Golden Age of Florence; The Reconquista; Popes, Saints and Heretics; Medieval society; Medieval tradition; Medieval conflict.

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The arrival of a large Danish fleet off England’s eastern coast in the late summer of 1069 inspired widespread English dissidence, and an allied Northumbrian-Danish army defeated the Norman garrison at York before establishing control over Northumbria. William stopped the Danish penetration into Lincolnshire, and after retaking York he bought off the Danes, who agreed to leave England by the spring of 1070. William’s army then waged a relentless campaign of devastation across Northumbria in the winter of 1069–70 resulting in a death toll of around 150,000.

The emperor made Rome his capital, and Pope Sylvester II, his former tutor the French intellectual Gerbert of Aurillac, became a reliable ally in the process of reforming the notoriously nepotistic late-tenth-century Church. Otto grasped that his forebears’ eastern ambitions were beyond the resources of his empire’s German core. He also thought it strategically foolish, since the subjugated but hostile peoples might well turn to Byzantium for support. He therefore developed a federal policy for the eastern territories.

That union nonetheless proved to be one of history’s most significant mésalliances because, following her divorce, Eleanor married Henry, count of Anjou (who was also Normandy’s duke, following his father Geoffrey’s conquest of the duchy in 1144). Henry’s accession to the throne of England as Henry II therefore created the vast power block of the Angevin empire. In theory, Henry held Normandy and Anjou as a vassal of the French monarchy and, since he had married Eleanor without seeking his suzerain’s permission, Louis declared war on him.

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Age of Chivalry: The Story of Medieval Europe, 950 to 1450 by Hywel Williams

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