Read e-book online A New Biology for the 21st Century PDF

By National Research Council

ISBN-10: 0309144884

ISBN-13: 9780309144889

Now greater than ever, biology has the capability to give a contribution functional recommendations to some of the significant demanding situations confronting the USA and the area. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that relies on better integration inside biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover options to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable meals construction, surroundings recovery, optimized biofuel construction, and development in human well-being. The method demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, deepest, and educational sectors to aid meet demanding situations and enhance the go back on lifestyles technology examine as a rule.

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Large-volume ­production of propanediol (PDO), using an engineered E. coli host, was commercialized in 2007. PDO is used in applications ranging from deicing fluids to personal care products. BioPDO is also an important component of poly (trimethylene ­terephthalate), a polymer with true engineering properties. We can now foresee a range of such chemical building blocks as succinic acid, dodecanedioic acid, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid being made from biomass via fermentation (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 2009).

And an increasing fraction of biologists collaborate closely with physical scientists, computational scientists or engineers. 1). The committee does not intend to suggest that there is a stark division between ‘old’ biologists and ‘new’ biologists, but rather that there is a continuum from more reductionist, focused research within particular Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 1 A Wiring Diagram for Cells Cellular systems can be represented in “wiring diagrams” analogous to those of electronic circuits.

Geological Survey has the National Water Quality Assessment, the United States Forest Service carries out forest inventories, the Department of Energy and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration administer Ameriflux (which measures ecosystem level exchanges of CO2, water, energy, and momentum across the Americas), and the Department of Agriculture carries out agricultural and soil inventories. Several nonprofit groups also maintain extensive databases of ecological information. However, each of these efforts measures different things, for different reasons, and the parts do not add up to a whole that provides the nation with a comprehensive understanding of the state of its ecosystems.

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A New Biology for the 21st Century by National Research Council

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