Download PDF by John Murphy: A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949

By John Murphy

An honest Provision is a story heritage of the way and why Australia outfitted a particular welfare regime within the interval from the 1870s to 1949. firstly of this era, the Australian colonies have been belligerently insisting they have to no longer have a terrible legislations, but had reproduced a few of the structures of charitable provision in Britain. via the beginning of the 20 th century, a mix of prolonged suffrage, easy salary rules and the elderly pension had ended in a name as a 'social laboratory'. And but part a century later, Australia used to be a 'welfare laggard' and the exertions Party's welfare nation of the mid-1940s used to be a comparatively modest and parsimonious development. types of welfare in accordance with social coverage have been vigorously rejected, and the Australian process endured on a course of hugely residual, precise welfare funds.

The publication explains this curious and halting trajectory, exhibiting how offerings made in previous many years restricted what may be performed, and what may be imagined. in response to huge new study from a number of fundamental assets it makes an important contribution to normal old debates, in addition to to the sphere of comparative social coverage.

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86. ’, pp. 118, 122. A Decent Provision 12 the hope to produce ‘a new world without welfare’. 10 These cross-class objections to the complex meanings of the Poor Law reflected both the aspirations of new societies and the economic facts of labour scarcity. 11 It was a common enough reflection. Anthony Trollope had noted the same sentiment when he toured Australia in the 1870s, though he commented that, although there was no Poor Law, it did not follow that there were no poor. 13 Such early commentators were capturing both the opposition to the inheritance of the Poor Law and some of the meanings and aspirations of the Antipodean ‘social laboratory’.

Contested Ground: Australian Aborigines under the British Crown (St Leonards, 1995).  Anne O’Brien, ‘“Kitchen Fragments and Garden Stuff”: Poor Law Discourse and Indigenous People in Early Colonial New South Wales’, Australian Historical Studies, 39/2 (2008): pp. 150–66, and Peggy Brock, ‘Mission Encounters in the Colonial World: British Columbia and South-West Australia’, Journal of Religious History, 24/2 (2000): pp. 159–79. the mixed economy of colonial welfare 33 Society and the Society of St Vincent de Paul – differences of gender, of faith and of funding – they shared common ground in their highly localized, intimate and often intrusive visits into the homes of the poor.

H. Kewley, Social Security in Australia, 1900–72 (Sydney; 1973), chapter 1. 24 Second Report of the Commission Appointed, [NSWPP, 1873–4], pp. 64, 118. 21 22 A Decent Provision 16 subsidies that were being provided to these organizations, and in both cases these recommendations came to nothing. That argument was revisited during the 1890s, when Royal Commission reports in 1891 in Melbourne, and in 1898 in Sydney, proposed systematic reforms of what had now become a more complex system; we have already met the Sydney commissioners visiting the Rocks and recording their impressions.

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A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy

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